Lessons from Tafseer class of Dr Faadil Al Imam حفظه الله ورعاه (Ramadan 8th)

Introduction


Today’s Tafseer will start from Aayah : 6. It is preamble to the fiqh of dreams.

  1. After Yuusuuf’s father interpreted the meaning of the dream to his child, he educated him and returned and directed all favors that Allâh would bestow on him to Allâh and also attached Yuusuf to Allâh by ربك, يعلمك، عليك. And this is character of the pious people, they direct people to Allâh not to themselves.
  2. Allâh bestowed 3 big favours to Yuusuuf as elaborated by his father. He enlighten him about the favors Allâh would bestow on him, not only him, his brothers who he had mentioned earlier to him that they would envy him would equally share from the favors. And this favors didn’t start from him rather his forefathers also had similar favors from Allâh.
  3. There are six points in this Aayah as mentioned by his father :
    • Yuusuuf was chosen and made extraordinary person by Allah
    • He would be among scholars well grounded in the knowledge of dream interpretation
    • Real bestower of knowledge is Allaah not the teachers as they are just means
    • He would have special favors
    • Reminding him of Allaah’s favor on his forefathers
    • Tied him with his kinship
  4. May Allâh choose us for good things and those that have been chosen for good may Allâh make them firm on that. As for those chosen for bad things may Allâh rectify their affairs. The word كذالك means again أيضا
  5. The word اجتباك as used in the verse means that Allâh has chosen him as Prophet, blessed him with good character and blessed him with wealth. The origin of اجتبى and اصطفى in both Qur’an and Sunnah when used are solely for religiosity 90%. The word اصطفى is more used in Qur’an than اجتبى they both mean اختر. The word اصطفى was used like 15 places in Qur’an while اجتبى was used in 10 places
  6. Knowledge of dream interpretation is it acquired knowledge or gifted knowledge? This will be discussed consequently.
  7. These words have same meaning رؤيا, أحاديث and أحلام. In Shari’ah the first terminology is common. As for the others terminologies were common to the past nation to mean رؤيا. As for أحلام in most cases in our Shari’ah it used for bad dreams that why the Prophets didn’t use to have أحلام.
  8. Different between إكمال and إتمام when they are used together as in Suratul Maaidah : 3 the former will mean something that comes gradually until it is complete while the latter means something that when it starts it will be sequential.
  9. To explain this more Allâh used تكمل when discussing about paying back missed Ramadan to indicate that it not a must one pay it at once unlike يتم used when talking about the period to fast from down to sunset. It was also used in the case of Hajj. It could be inferred from this that ويتم نعمته عليك as used by Ya’quub means that the blessing of Allâh on Yuusuf will continue flowing without stop once it started.
  10. Secret of using present tenses and future tenses; يجتبيك ،يعلمك، ويتم are two: this dream was the beginning of Allaah’s blessings on Yuusuf as a new life and secondly the blessings will be continuous and renewal for him.
  11. It is allowed and sign of respect to address one’s grandfather as father. The evidence for this is in this Aayah at hand and as used in Suratul Baqarah :133
  12. The Suratul Baqarah further established that it is allowed as sign of respect to address one’s uncle as father.
  13. Some of the Du’a made by Prophet Ibrahim and he was known as one of the Prophet that made Du’a mostly for his offsprings no wonder the Prophet Muhammad referred to himself as answered Du’a of Prophet Ibrahim . Suratul Baqarah : 124, Suratul Ibrahim : 37, 40,
  14. Parents should endeavour to intensify efforts to make Du’a for their children and offsprings. The benefits of this is that they be coolness of their eyes both in this world and hereafter
  15. Allâh ends this verse with two of his beautiful names عليم وحكيم.
  16. Allâh is most knowledgeable and most Wise
  17. Whenever an Aayah ended with names of Allâh it has relationship with the beginning of the Aayah.
  18. The chosen can’t occur without knowledge and it can’t be appropriate without wisdom. This showcased the relationship between the beginning and end of the Aayah.
  19. The authentic aqeedah towards names of Allâh as mentioned in Qur’an and Sunnah is to believe in them and that they have appropriate attributes derived from them. Allah is عليم that knowledge is one of His attributes as derived from this name of His.
  20. وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

Lessons from Tafseer class of Dr Faadil Al Imam (5th day of Ramadan)

Introduction
Yesterday our Tafseer class stopped at Aayah 3 of Suratu Yuusuuf.

  1. Today’s Tafseer started with 4th Aayah of Suratu Yuusuuf where Allâh began to narrate story of Yuusuuf sequentially
  2. The foundation of success of a child is to maintain cordial relationships between the children and their parents. Everyone should observe their responsibility and right over one another.
  3. It is a great privilege to have a scholar as father. Look at how Yuusuuf related his dream to his father. And his father was able to guide with his knowledge.
  4. The story started with إذ and it means ظرف – time and it indicates past event. It also has likelihood which is إذا it also indicates time the only difference is that this indicates future event.
  5. 90% of stories in Qur’an started with إذ. For example story of Adam in Baqarah :30, Story of two children of Adam; Maaidah : 29, story of Prophet Nuuh Suratu Shu’araau:105- 106, story of Huud Shu’araau :124 عليهم الصلاة والسلام etc

In all those stories of Prophets mentioned in Suratu Shu’araau ended with ألا تتقون. It established that all those Prophet never lived in the same time yet their da’wah was similar and this indicates that it is only one Lord that sent them

  1. This Suurah was named after Prophet Yuusuuf even though many personalities were involved in the stories as the Suurah captured this.
  2. When did Yuusuuf narrate the story to his father? The most likely answer was that it was in the morning. It was Allâh that guided him to narrate his dream to his father only.
  3. It is incumbent on every Muslim to supplicate to Allah for guidance in all his endeavors. One of the ways to do this is by ponder over recitation of Suratul Fatihah. It is important one concentrates on its recitation particularly Aayah: 6
  4. May Allâh be our Guide in all our affairs and guide us to the best in this world and hereafter.
  5. The three fathers of Yuusuuf were great People and Prophets ; Ya’quub, Is-haaq, and Ibrahim
  6. It is incumbent on the parents to be humble for their children and they should be approachable. Had it been Yuusuuf’s father was harsh on his children he would have been easy for Yuusuuf to approach him. Being simple to one’s family is one of the Prophetic manners.
  7. The story of of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم where a child mounted on him and that made his Sujood elongated than normal. He used to say tasleem to little children. He used to rub little children with his hands. He did kiss children. All these pointed to leniency of the Prophet to children. Let’s all emulate all thses practices of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم
  8. Being merciful to your children is one of ways to seek Allâh’s mercy. Let’s be merciful to our children by drawing them towards us.
  9. Being harsh and boned to the children is not away of showing manhood as this prevents one from seeing Allâh’s mercy and being successful.
  10. Being merciful towards one’s children and wives is way to attract Allâh’s favor.
  11. oh يا is one of words to call someone. Among them we have وا, أ, أي etc
  12. The ت attached to أبت is sign of respect.
  13. It is upon the parents to take care of their children, educate them as Prophet Ya’quub trained his children.
  14. Oh children, tongue is one of best tools to respect one’s parents. We should call them with beloved names to them like my daddy and my mummy. It is better to address them with above way than calling them with their kunyah or calling them with their alias like Alhaji and Alhaja in their presence.
  15. It is wrong to address someone as Alhaji and Alhaja both from Shari’ah point of view and rational.
  16. Is there different in away to address one’s parent in their presence and at their absence? In their presence they should be addressed as my daddy. In their absence they should be addressed with their honor tittle like Vc, King, MD, and so on.
  17. The places where the phrase يا أبت was used in Qur’an ;
    1. Suratu Yuusuuf 4, 100
    2. Suratu Maryam : 42, 43, 44, 45
    3. Suratul Qaṣaṣ :26
    4. Ṣafaat: 102
  18. Yuusuuf started his life with dream and also dream was means by which he was successful . This also applied to Prophet Muusaa عليهما الصلاة والسلام who started his life with water and the water was also means by which he gained victory over his enemies

وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين