Islamic ways to ask for one’s rights from the leader as citizens


4330 حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ ، حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ يَحْيَى ، عَنْ عَبَّادِ بْنِ تَمِيمٍ ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ زَيْدِ بْنِ عَاصِمٍ ، قَالَ : لَمَّا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَوْمَ حُنَيْنٍ قَسَمَ فِي النَّاسِ فِي الْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ، وَلَمْ يُعْطِ الْأَنْصَارَ شَيْئًا، فَكَأَنَّهُمْ وَجَدُوا إِذْ لَمْ يُصِبْهُمْ مَا أَصَابَ النَّاسَ، فَخَطَبَهُمْ، فَقَالَ : ” يَا مَعْشَرَ الْأَنْصَارِ، أَلَمْ أَجِدْكُمْ ضُلَّالًا فَهَدَاكُمُ اللَّهُ بِي ؟ وَكُنْتُمْ مُتَفَرِّقِينَ فَأَلَّفَكُمُ اللَّهُ بِي ؟ وَعَالَةً فَأَغْنَاكُمُ اللَّهُ بِي ؟ ” كُلَّمَا قَالَ شَيْئًا قَالُوا : اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمَنُّ. قَالَ : ” مَا يَمْنَعُكُمْ أَنْ تُجِيبُوا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ؟ ” قَالَ : كُلَّمَا قَالَ شَيْئًا قَالُوا : اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمَنُّ. قَالَ : ” لَوْ شِئْتُمْ قُلْتُمْ : جِئْتَنَا كَذَا وَكَذَا، أَتَرْضَوْنَ أَنْ يَذْهَبَ النَّاسُ بِالشَّاةِ وَالْبَعِيرِ، وَتَذْهَبُونَ بِالنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى رِحَالِكُمْ ؟ لَوْلَا الْهِجْرَةُ لَكُنْتُ امْرَأً مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ، وَلَوْ سَلَكَ النَّاسُ وَادِيًا وَشِعْبًا لَسَلَكْتُ وَادِيَ الْأَنْصَارِ وَشِعْبَهَا، الْأَنْصَارُ شِعَارٌ ، وَالنَّاسُ دِثَارٌ، إِنَّكُمْ سَتَلْقَوْنَ بَعْدِي أُثْرَةً فَاصْبِرُوا حَتَّى تَلْقَوْنِي عَلَى الْحَوْضِ “.

Narrated Abdullah bin Zaid binAsim:

When Allah gave to His Apostle the war booty on the day of Hunain, he distributed that booty amongst those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to Islam), but did not give anything to the Ansar. So they seemed to have felt angry and sad as they did not get the same as other people had got. The Prophet (ﷺ) then delivered a sermon before them, saying, “O, the assembly of Ansar! Didn’t I find you astray, and then Allah guided you on the Right Path through me? You were divided into groups, and Allah brought you together through me; you were poor and Allah made you rich through me.” Whatever the Prophet (ﷺ) said , they (i.e. the Ansar) said, “Allah and his Apostle have more favours to do.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “What stops you from answering the Messenger of Allah?” But whatever he said to them, they replied, “Allah and His Apostle have more favours to do.” The Prophet (ﷺ) then said, “If you wish you could say: ‘You came to us in such-and-such state (at Medina).’ Wouldn’t you be willing to see the people go away with sheep and camels while you go with the Prophet (ﷺ) to your homes? But for the migration, I would have been one of the Ansar, and if the people took their way through a valley or mountain pass, I would select the valley or mountain pass of the Ansar. The Ansar are Shiar (i.e. those clothes which are in direct contact with the body and worn inside the other garments), and the people are Dithar (i.e. those clothes which are not in direct contact with the body and are worn over other garments). No doubt, you will see after me (leaders) who will practice favouritism, so you should be patient till you meet me at the Tank (of Kauthar).

Bukhari and Muslim

Above hadith was quoted by Dr Luqmān Idrees Sekoni in his Khutubah to depict how Sahabah registered their complaint to the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم. He cleared the shubhaat some people peddling around as regard protest being Islamic. He said protest is alien to the teaching of Islaam. In fact the equivalent Arabic translation for it is borrowed to show that it is borrowed ideology from non Muslims.
The noble Sheikh added that since protest was alien to Islaam the Sahabah never resorted to it rather the complaint was discussed within themselves (The Anṣaar) and when the rumor reached reached one of their leaders he went directly to the Prophet to lodge the complaint of people to him. Instantly the Prophet ordered them to assemble and he addressed by considering their psychological status.
It is normal to feel uncomfortable with actions of a leader even though we may not know the reason why he did what he did that looked inconvenient to us. What is expected of us is to set those we trust among us and they are people of intellect to pay a visit to the leader and register our complaint.

Extracted from khutbah of our amiable teacher Dr Luqmān Idrees Sekoni حفظه الله ورعاه وسدد خطاه