QA389: Yaa Sheikh, May Allah have mercy on you sir. Pls what is the rulings on castration of animals?

AsSalaamu alaikum wa RahmotuLlah

Yaa Sheikh, May Allah have mercy on you sir.
Pls what is the rulings on castration of animals?

Answer

Wa alaykum as-salaamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakātuhu.

Praise be to Allah; may the blessing and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah.

To proceed:

Scholars are agreed that it is not permissible for a human being to castrate himself or be castrated as the Prophet, sallaa Allahu alayhi wa sallama, forbade that as established in the hadith of Abdullah bn Umar and some other companions, may Allah be pleased with them all.
As for the castration of animals, the scholars differed on its permissibility. Some are of the opinion that it is permissible if done in a professional way that won’t cause the animal much pain. Their argument is based on the fact that the Messenger of Allah, sallaa Allahu alayhi wa sallama, slaughtered two castrated rams with white and black colour as sacrificial animals as contained in Sunan Ibn Maajah.

These scholars also argue that castration makes its meat more delicious.

On the other hand, some scholars argued that castration of animal is not permissible as it constitutes punishing the animals; more so, the Prophet, sallaa Allahu alayhi wa sallama, forbade إخصاء الخيل والبهائم ( the castration of horses and the beasts) as contained in the Musnad of al-Imam Ahmad and some other books.

This hadith, however, is said to be weak by some of those scholars who permitted it.
Some took it to be makroo’ ( detested) based on this hadith.
Sumarrily, it is permissible if there is a genuine reason for it.
Wallahu A’lam.

Answered by:Ustadh Abdulghani Jumat,Hafidhahullah.