Lessons from Tafseer class of Dr Faadil Al Imam حفظه الله ورعاه (Ramadan 7th day)

Introduction

Yesterday’s Tafseer stopped at Aayah :4 and it shall continue from there

  1. Yesterday we discussed how Yuusuuf related his dream to his father. Today we shall be discussing the reaction of his father to his child’s affair. Tafseer started with Aayah : 5
  2. There is difference between يا ابني (Yaa Ibnii) and يا بني (Yaa Bunayya) and the latter is more honourable which means my dear son.
  3. Places where يا بني are mentioned in Qur’an :
    1. Suratul Huud: 42 where Prophet Nuuh called upon his son honourably even though the child was criminal (lessons for parents on how to handle criminal children)
    2. Suuratuṣ ṣaffaat: 102 where Prophet Ibrahim called upon his son Ismaa’il in respected manner.
    3. Suratul Luqman : 17 where Luqman called upon his son
  4. Bunayya is tasgeer (to qualify something with small and it is peculiar to Arabic language) of Ibn. Baniyya is plural
  5. Reasons for the usage of tasgeer are 6 :
    1. To correct people’s impression on something they think it big whereas it is small
    2. To correct people’s impression on something they think it is plenty.
    3. To underrate things people glorify
    4. To indicate closeness of time eg : bu’ayd, qubayl
    5. To indicate closeness of distance like fuwayq, tuhaytu
    6. To showcase love and this is in line with the way it was used in this Aayah
  6. usage of يا to someone that is closer to you it means attention while when it is used for far person it means calling and attention
  7. It is appropriate for little children to have a dream indicating his brighter future. It is incumbent upon the parents to relate well with their children.
  8. His father instantly interpreted the dream which showed he was grounded in the field of dreams interpretation which he inherited from his grand father Ibrahim. It is erroneous to call Prophet Ibrahim father of Belief as there is no evidence to buttress this.
  9. Prophets who were grounded in dream interpretation :
    1. Ibrahim
    2. Ya’quub
    3. Yuusuuf
    4. Dhul Qarnayn
    5. Danyaan
    6. Muhammad
  10. Family of Yuusuuf were all grounded in dream interpretation. The evidence for this was the command given to him by his father that he shouldn’t narrate his dream to his siblings due to the fact they also knew how to interpret dream.
  11. From the dream it is evident that Ya’quub wouldn’t give birth to more than 11 children plus Yuusuuf and that both of his parents would witness the success story of his as his father was interpreted as Sun and his mother was considered as Moon. From this it is inferred Muslims should give birth to more children and train them properly.
  12. The two َّwords لا تَقُص and ْلا تَقْصُص both are correct in Arabic language but لا تقصص is more appropriate in Qur’an as this is common in Qur’an ; Suratul Baqarah : 283
  13. It is derived from this that parents and teachers should choose simple words in communicating with their children / pupils especially when they are young as examplified by Ya’quub where he used لا تقصص.
  14. What is hikmah in attributing the dream to Yuusuuf even though his father was included in the dream? It means that particular dream should not be narrated to his siblings and it didn’t indicate that he shouldn’t interpret it to them.
  15. There is difference between قص and تأويل. The former means narration of raw dream while the later means interpretation of dream.
  16. It is common to Suffi people to claim that had dream about people. It is only in Sunnah that one can have rest of mind in all affairs including dream and its interpretation.
  17. Ya’quub related Yuusuuf’s siblings to him (Yuusuuf) so that Yuusuuf would not take them as enemies. And this really helped at end of the story as he still recognised them as his siblings upon tribulations he went through due to their evil actions.
  18. It is upon the parents and everyone to keep ties of kinship no matter how they maltreat and do evils towards one.
  19. Why is it that those who are close to each other in term of relatives, neighbourhood, workplace, business envy themselves?
    • It is must be noted that envy and plot aren’t restricted to family members rather it cut across all those mentioned relationships
  20. The facts that siblings of Yuusuuf envied and harmed him is one of the evidence used by majority of scholars to hold the opinion that beside Yuusuuf all his siblings especially his half brothers weren’t Prophet.
  21. How did his siblings envy and harm him even though Yuusuuf never narrated his dream to them? The secrete is in Aayah : 8 as they claimed his father showed more love to him than them
  22. It is upon the parents to be fair and just among their children and never underrate any of them.
  23. Am sending this message to the whole world as there is no no one except he has the belief that he has enemies among the humans and Jinns. All these discrepancies that happened in this world emanated from Shaytan. All rancour that occurred between you and others were handy work of Shaytan as it is evident in Aayah : 4 of this Suurah. Any opinion, post, women, husband or whatever that causes rancour among people is satanic.
  24. Many Aayaat of Qur’an established that Shaytan is our open enemy and we should beware of him and seek Allâh’s refuge against him. Below are some of Aayaat:
    • Suratul Israai: 53
    • Baqarah :168, 208,
    • Zukhrufu: 62,
    • Yaaseen : 60
    • Fastir: 6
  25. Whenever you are being disturbed by enemies, just seek Allâh’s refuge from Shaytan by that you have defeated your enemies by destroying their foundation which is Shaytan
  26. وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

Lessons from Tafseer class of Dr Faadil Al Imam حفظه الله ورعاه (Ramadan 6th day)

Introduction

Yesterday’s Tafseer stopped at Aayah 4. Insha Allâh today’s Tafseer will start from there. Prophet Yuusuuf started his life with dream as it was started in the Aayah 4 in Suuratu Yuusuuf

  1. Favours of Allaah on His servants are of two types : spread and fold favors.
    • When the favor is apparent from the beginning that is spread favour is not apparent at the beginning but apparent at the end as the case of Prophet Yuusuuf عليه الصلاة والسلام as mentioned in Aayaat 54- 56.
  2. Makeen means free access to enter anywhere while Ameen free access to spend anything as titles given to Yuusuuf in Suratul Yuusuuf : 54
  3. Another Prophet who witnessed fold favour was Muusaa as he started his life with water and became victory over his enemies through water. Check Taahaa: 29 and 77
  4. When Allâh commands something harmful to be harmless it shall be so and vice versa. Case study of Muusaa when Allâh asked his mother to put him in water. Same as that story of Sahabah that ride on Lion
  5. It is better to supplicate to Allâh to protect one’s against any harm. At times one’s enemies may be Sabab of one’s victory. Case study of story of Muusaa
  6. The story of Yuusuuf occurred in Egypt even though his father wasn’t from Egypt. Same applied to Muusaa.
  7. The meaning رأيت as used in the Aayah is I dreamed. From this it is showcased that Arabic is complex language.
    • Other meanings of رأى
    • See
    • Ponder
    • Find
    • Dream
    • Believe
    • Guess
    • أرى punish
  8. Transitive verb that has ability to has one, two and three objects based on different meanings. When رأى means to see it takes one object. While it means pondering it takes two objects.
  9. Yuusuuf saw thirteen things : sun, moon and 11 stars. There is no benefit in mentioning the names of 11 stars that why Allâh and His Prophet didn’t mention them. It is lie if anyone claims he knows the names of the stars
  10. Don’t be deceived by anyone who claimed that he wants to use 11 stars to prepare something for you in order to be a king.
  11. people’s believe towards the stars are divided into two ; those who believed in them but disbelieved in Allâh. While another people believed in Allâh and disbelieved in the stars.
  12. Get the maxim whenever any Du’a is being attached to anything in the sky like saying one should be praying when sun is coming out or when it reaches meridian, all these are satanic ways. Beware of all these
  13. Everything is in the hands of Allâh and it is wrong to attach one’s misfortune or fortune to other than Allâh like government. Similarly anyone who attached coronavirus to China or America he has indeed disbelieved in Allâh.
  14. Qur’an summarised the benefits of stars;
    • As stones against the Shayateen
    • As ornaments to the sky
    • As direction for people
    • One of the function is mentioned in Suratul Nahl and two others are mentioned in Suratul Mulk.
  15. Modern Technologies prevent us from appreciating value and benefits of stars as they were used as direction in the past at night.
  16. It is wrong to interpret Suratul Nahl : 16 as evidence to be using stars for soothsaying. Prophet Muhammad never did so.
  17. Why Allâh didn’t mention 13 stars instead rather he specified sun and moon? This is because the two specified creatures are greater and it is better to mention them specifically.
  18. How did those things prostrated to Yuusuuf. Three interpretations are possible:
    1. Yuusuuf’s soul travelled to the sky and therein those creatures prostrated to him
    2. Another possibility was that his soul was close to him on earth and those creatures prostrated to him from their place.
    3. Those creatures descend from the sky and prostrated to Yuusuuf while the soul of Yuusuuf is close to his body
  19. Among these possibilities the third instance mentioned above is most correct based on reality as mentioned at end of the story in the Suurah.
  20. The coming of these creatures to Yuusuuf and prostrated to him is more appropriate and more honoured than his soul ascending
  21. Those creatures prostrated for Yuusuuf in reality as many Aayaat testified to the fact that non living things displaying characteristics of living things like talking. Check Suratul Banii Israaeel : 44
  22. Many narrations established that non living things speak as contained in Saheehu Muslim that there was stone that used to say tasleem to the Prophet before his prophethood
  23. Seeing non living things speaking that doesn’t make them special as they have been described as speaking though we humans don’t understand them.
  24. The Prostration done by Yuusuuf’s parents and siblings to him was mere greeting according to their customs then and not act of worship

وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

Lessons from Tafseer class of Dr Faadil Al Imam (5th day of Ramadan)

Introduction
Yesterday our Tafseer class stopped at Aayah 3 of Suratu Yuusuuf.

  1. Today’s Tafseer started with 4th Aayah of Suratu Yuusuuf where Allâh began to narrate story of Yuusuuf sequentially
  2. The foundation of success of a child is to maintain cordial relationships between the children and their parents. Everyone should observe their responsibility and right over one another.
  3. It is a great privilege to have a scholar as father. Look at how Yuusuuf related his dream to his father. And his father was able to guide with his knowledge.
  4. The story started with إذ and it means ظرف – time and it indicates past event. It also has likelihood which is إذا it also indicates time the only difference is that this indicates future event.
  5. 90% of stories in Qur’an started with إذ. For example story of Adam in Baqarah :30, Story of two children of Adam; Maaidah : 29, story of Prophet Nuuh Suratu Shu’araau:105- 106, story of Huud Shu’araau :124 عليهم الصلاة والسلام etc

In all those stories of Prophets mentioned in Suratu Shu’araau ended with ألا تتقون. It established that all those Prophet never lived in the same time yet their da’wah was similar and this indicates that it is only one Lord that sent them

  1. This Suurah was named after Prophet Yuusuuf even though many personalities were involved in the stories as the Suurah captured this.
  2. When did Yuusuuf narrate the story to his father? The most likely answer was that it was in the morning. It was Allâh that guided him to narrate his dream to his father only.
  3. It is incumbent on every Muslim to supplicate to Allah for guidance in all his endeavors. One of the ways to do this is by ponder over recitation of Suratul Fatihah. It is important one concentrates on its recitation particularly Aayah: 6
  4. May Allâh be our Guide in all our affairs and guide us to the best in this world and hereafter.
  5. The three fathers of Yuusuuf were great People and Prophets ; Ya’quub, Is-haaq, and Ibrahim
  6. It is incumbent on the parents to be humble for their children and they should be approachable. Had it been Yuusuuf’s father was harsh on his children he would have been easy for Yuusuuf to approach him. Being simple to one’s family is one of the Prophetic manners.
  7. The story of of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم where a child mounted on him and that made his Sujood elongated than normal. He used to say tasleem to little children. He used to rub little children with his hands. He did kiss children. All these pointed to leniency of the Prophet to children. Let’s all emulate all thses practices of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم
  8. Being merciful to your children is one of ways to seek Allâh’s mercy. Let’s be merciful to our children by drawing them towards us.
  9. Being harsh and boned to the children is not away of showing manhood as this prevents one from seeing Allâh’s mercy and being successful.
  10. Being merciful towards one’s children and wives is way to attract Allâh’s favor.
  11. oh يا is one of words to call someone. Among them we have وا, أ, أي etc
  12. The ت attached to أبت is sign of respect.
  13. It is upon the parents to take care of their children, educate them as Prophet Ya’quub trained his children.
  14. Oh children, tongue is one of best tools to respect one’s parents. We should call them with beloved names to them like my daddy and my mummy. It is better to address them with above way than calling them with their kunyah or calling them with their alias like Alhaji and Alhaja in their presence.
  15. It is wrong to address someone as Alhaji and Alhaja both from Shari’ah point of view and rational.
  16. Is there different in away to address one’s parent in their presence and at their absence? In their presence they should be addressed as my daddy. In their absence they should be addressed with their honor tittle like Vc, King, MD, and so on.
  17. The places where the phrase يا أبت was used in Qur’an ;
    1. Suratu Yuusuuf 4, 100
    2. Suratu Maryam : 42, 43, 44, 45
    3. Suratul Qaṣaṣ :26
    4. Ṣafaat: 102
  18. Yuusuuf started his life with dream and also dream was means by which he was successful . This also applied to Prophet Muusaa عليهما الصلاة والسلام who started his life with water and the water was also means by which he gained victory over his enemies

وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين