Sitting with the Innovators (2)

Al-imām At-Tabari said:

” وهذه الآية وإن كانت نزلت فيمن ذكرنا أنها نزلت فيه من أهل الشرك، فإنه معنىّ بها كل مبتدع في دين الله بدعةً فمال قلبه إليها، تأويلا منه لبعض مُتشابه آي القرآن، ثم حاجّ به وجادل به أهل الحق، وعدل عن الواضح من أدلة آيه المحكمات، إرادةً منه بذلك اللبس على أهل الحق من المؤمنين، وطلبًا لعلم تأويل ما تشابه عليه من ذلك، كائنًا من كان، وأيّ أصناف المبتدعة كان من أهل النصرانية كان أو اليهودية أو المجوسية، أو كان سَبئيًا، أو حروريًّا، أو قدريًّا، أو جهميًّا، كالذي قال ﷺ:”فإذا رأيتم الذين يجادلون به، فهم الذين عنى الله فاحذروهم”

( Alhough this verse was revealed concerning those we mentioned it was revealed about from among the people of shirk, every innovator in the deen of Allah is intended by it; he whose heart has inclined towards it, interpreating some verses of the Qur,ān that are not entirely clear and would later argue with the people of the truth using them; he would turn away from the evidences of its clear verses intending to cause confusion by that for the people of the truth who are believers and requesting to know of it what is not entirely clear to him; it does not matter whoever he is and the type of innovators he belongs; whether he is among the people of Christianity or Judaism or mazdaism or he is a Sabaean or a Haruri( Khāriji) or a Qadari or Jahmite. They are like the one that he, sallā Allāhu alayhi wa sallam, said, ‘ When you see those who argue with it, they are the ones Allāh was referring to, so avoid them “

An-Nawawi commenting on
the hadīth
“إِذَا رَأَيْتُمُ الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ، فَأُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ سَمَّى اللَّهُ، فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ “
( When you see those following that which is not entirely clear from it, those are the ones Allāh has mentioned; so avoid them)

said,
“وفي هذا الحديث التحذير من مخالطة أهل الزيغ وأهل البدع ، ومن يتبع المشكلات للفتنة ، فأما من سأل عما أشكل عليه منها للاسترشاد ، وتلطف في ذلك فلا بأس عليه ، وجوابه واجب ، وأما الأول فلا يجاب ، بل يزجر ويعزر كما عزر عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه صبيغ بن عسل حين كان يتبع المتشابه ، والله أعلم “

( In the hadith there is a warning against mixing with the people of deviation and innovations and those that follow ambiguities in order to cause fitnah.
As for the one who inquires about what is not clear to them in order to be guided, they gently do this,there is no harm on them; it is compulsory to answer them.
As for the first one, they should not be answered; rather they should be repremanded and and deterently punished as Umar punished Sabīg bn ‘Isl when he was following [verses] that are not entirely clear. And Allah knows best.)
Abdullah bn ‘Abbās said,

“لا تجالسوا أهل الأهواء فإن مجالستهم ممرضة للقلوب”
( Sit not with the people of desires; sitting with them certainly sickens the hearts) [al-Ibaanah]
Abu Qilaabah said,
” لا تجالسوا أهل الأهواء ولا تجادلوهم فإني لا آمن أن يغمسوكم في ضلالتهم أو يلبسوا عليكم ما تعرفون”
( Sit not with the people of desires nor argue with them. Certainly I don’t rest assured that they won’t plunge you in their misguidance or confuse you on things that you know)
[al-Ibānah]

Abdullah bn ‘Awn said,
“مَنْ يُجَالِسُ أَهْلَ الْبِدَعِ أَشَدُّ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبِدَعِ”
( The one who sits with the people of innovations is more dangerous on us than the people of innovations) [al-Ibānah]

Written by: Sheikh ‘AbdulGaniy Juma’h, Hafidhahullah

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