- Forgetfully/mistakenly eating or drinking during the day of fasting.
- Deliberately eating while thinking sincerely that the Fajr is not out – even if it turns out that it was.
- Deliberately eating while thinking sincerely that the sun has set – even if turns out that it has not.
There is authentic evidence for each of the above in the Sunnah, omitted only to simplify it for the commoners. In the third case however, the person must stop the eating immediately till the sun sets and his fasting is correct.
Written by: Sheikh Murtado Alade Adedokun, Hafidhahullah.